Planers

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Wood Planers

115 used machines found

From thicknessers to industrial moulders

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SCM Automatic Production Line for Windows
Potenza Picena…
0 Bids
65,000 €
12/12/2017 14:04
KUPER SWT XS-4 Moulder Exhibition machine
Rietberg
on request
anytime
Top lot
WEINIG UNIMAT 23 EL 8 Shafts Moulder
Giussano
1 Bid
20,000 €
06/11/2017 10:16
Opportunity
WEINIG UNIMAT 23 EL 8 Shafts Moulder
Giussano
0 Bids
20,000 €
06/11/2017 10:17
WEINIG U 23 EL Moulder
Villasanta
1 Bid
13,200 €
14/11/2017 10:02
Hot lot
WEINIG UNIMAT 23 4-Side Planer
Delbrück
14 Bids
8,100 €
07/11/2017 10:38
Hot lot
GUBISCH GD 4 U/CE 4-Side Planing Machine with Uni Spindle
Beerse
13 Bids
4,200 €
06/11/2017 14:29
SAC T4 Tenoning machine
Rocca de' Bald…
0 Bids
4,000 €
14/11/2017 10:41
Hot lot
KÖLLE Z 40 Tenoning Machine
Duisburg
33 Bids
3,200 €
26/10/2017 11:47
LEADERMAC HYPERMAC 923 U Moulder
Narón
1 Bid
2,800 €
08/11/2017 11:37
Top lot
SCM COMPACT NT Moulder
Navas
2 Bids
2,650 €
07/11/2017 14:00
GABBIANI GS160 Moulding Machine
Capriglio (AT)
0 Bids
2,500 €
14/11/2017 11:09
SAC F 12 Windows Machining Center
San Pedro de B…
0 Bids
2,400 €
24/11/2017 10:38
MA.CO. B 400 Combined machine
Cavour
0 Bids
2,300 €
08/11/2017 12:59
Hot lot
MARTIN T 43 Thickness Planer
Delbrück
29 Bids
2,215 €
07/11/2017 10:27
PEGIC P4L Moulder 04 faces
Guidizzolo (MN)
0 Bids
2,100 €
14/11/2017 12:22
Top lot
CASADEI P 230 Moulder
San Pedro de B…
0 Bids
2,100 €
24/11/2017 10:00
SCM TENOMAC - FORMAT Windows Machining Center
San Pedro de B…
0 Bids
2,100 €
24/11/2017 10:19
STETON S 530 I Thickness planer
Cavour
0 Bids
2,000 €
08/11/2017 13:45
Top lot
WEIMAC LMC 623 CU Moulder
Narón
0 Bids
1,900 €
08/11/2017 11:21
Hot lot
VERTONGEN CO4 Combined Jointer and Thickness Planer
Beerse
18 Bids
1,900 €
06/11/2017 14:21
ALDO BERRONE PROGRAM SYSTEM Tenoner
San Pedro de B…
0 Bids
1,800 €
24/11/2017 10:06
WADKIN GB 220 Moulder
San Pedro de B…
0 Bids
1,800 €
24/11/2017 10:42
Top lot
WEINIG UNICONTROL 10 Window Machine
Bad Oeynhausen
0 Bids
1,700 €
09/11/2017 11:00
Hot lot
CASADEI R630 Tickness Planer
Sant Arcangelo…
16 Bids
1,700 €
06/11/2017 10:42
CE.MAC. CAV400 Combined Surface Planer/Thicknesser
Sant'Arcangelo…
3 Bids
1,700 €
06/11/2017 10:24
VERTONGEN P04 Tenoning & Slotting Machine
Beerse
8 Bids
1,700 €
06/11/2017 14:23
GABBIANI GS Moulder
BELVEDERE LANG…
0 Bids
1,600 €
14/11/2017 11:10
SPANEVELLO Moulder
San Pedro de B…
0 Bids
1,600 €
24/11/2017 10:22
BONGIOANNI Edge planer
Rocca de' Bald…
0 Bids
1,500 €
14/11/2017 10:44
SCM P22 Moulder
Poggiomarino (…
0 Bids
1,400 €
14/11/2017 11:44
GRIGGIO PS 520 Thickness Planer
Pove del Grapp…
3 Bids
1,350 €
06/11/2017 11:12
SCM LOGIC 23 Moulder
Ortigueira
1 Bid
1,250 €
08/11/2017 12:06
CASOLIN PF 530 Surface Planer
San Pedro de B…
0 Bids
1,200 €
24/11/2017 10:10
SCM LINVINCIBILE 2041 5-Times Combined Machine
San Pedro de B…
0 Bids
1,200 €
24/11/2017 10:09
Hot lot
MINIMAX Formula F1 Surface Planer
Skrdlovice
28 Bids
1,200 €
26/10/2017 11:38
Hot lot
SCHNEIDER AFK 5 Jointer
Delbrück
20 Bids
1,110 €
07/11/2017 10:26
BERRONE AIRONE Tenoning machine
Catelnuovo D.B…
0 Bids
1,100 €
14/11/2017 11:15
GUILLET KXR Moulder
Navas
0 Bids
1,100 €
07/11/2017 14:26
SCM Moulder
Cavour
0 Bids
1,000 €
08/11/2017 13:48
SCM F 5 L Surface planer
Cavour
0 Bids
1,000 €
08/11/2017 12:35
CIMA ABEBAY Surface Planer
Donostia-San S…
0 Bids
1,000 €
15/11/2017 14:29
FERMIN ELOLA  Tenoning machine
Donostia-San S…
0 Bids
1,000 €
15/11/2017 14:32
STETON R 522 Moulder
Navas
0 Bids
980 €
07/11/2017 15:20
SICAR Tenoner with Spindle Moulder
Navas
0 Bids
980 €
07/11/2017 15:30
WEIMAC LMC 330 SP Moulder
Narón
2 Bids
950 €
08/11/2017 11:03
STETON PF 530 E Edge planer
Vibo Valentia
2 Bids
850 €
14/11/2017 13:22
MINIMAX Surface Planer
Donostia-San S…
0 Bids
850 €
15/11/2017 14:30
  

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Planers and window-making technology

Index

  1. Planers for precision and top-quality surfaces
  2. How planing machines work
  3. Window-making machines for consistent quality
  4. Types of window-making and wood planer machines
    1. Surfacing planers
    2. Thicknessing planers
    3. Combination planers
    4. Chamfering planers
    5. Tenoners
    6. Window-making machines
  5. What to be aware of when buying planers?
  6. Manufacturers of planers and window-making machines

Planers for precision and top-quality surfaces

Planing is a process whereby the outer layers of a solid material are gradually worn down or chipped away to create a new surface or a workpiece with the highest level of precision and dimensional accuracy. Planers enable tolerances that are exact down to a tenth of a millimetre. Only core wood materials can be planed. Boards, beams and solid wood, at best still glued wood constructions, can be machined with a planing machine.

Chipboard and similar materials, however, are unsuitable for planer machines, but seeing as these materials are generally produced to the size required from the outset, this is hardly an inconvenience.

How planing machines work

The wood planer is one of the oldest tools in the field of woodworking. It primarily consists of a wide blade which is guided along the grain of a given piece of wood.

The most common types of hand-held planers to be found feature a rigid blade. Electric wood planers, on the other hand, operate using a rotating planing roller that is fitted with at least two blades and can rapidly plane off excess surface material until the workpiece has attained the desired shape.

Planing achieves three things: first, it takes off the outer layers of a roughly-sawn workpiece down to the nearest tenth of a millimetre. Second, it straightens out the surface and balances out minor radii and arcs. And finally, planing creates a smooth surface entirely free of splinters and chips. This means the workpiece is thoroughly prepared for further processes, such as coating or veneering.

Mills are the next step on from planers and both variants are used in close conjunction in woodworking processes.

Window-making machines for consistent quality

Window-making poses many challenges to any woodworker. Nowadays, windows must meet a range of strict requirements concerning precision and heat insulation. Wood is ideal in window-making since it features outstanding static properties and provides acceptable levels of heat insulation. However, wooden windows, of course, feature a number of other materials, not least the glass, rubber seals, metal fittings and lock mechanisms (as well as the frame that holds them all together). It must be ensured that the frame does not experience any major shape distortion after assembly otherwise the window will immediately lose a great deal of its functionality: it will no longer close properly, will let in cold air, or will always be getting stuck.

The wood chosen should thus be suitable and capable of being machined very precisely. The woodworking industry has developed a range window-making machines which are, to some extent, related to wood planer machines, but are based on different design principles.

Types of window-making and wood planer machines

In addition to frame presses, edge presses, and sawing/milling machines, the following types of equipment have been developed for windows and planing:

  • Surfacing planers
  • Thicknessing planers
  • Combination planers
  • Tenoners
  • Window construction machines
  • Chamfering planers

Surfacing planers


These surafce planers are stationary machines with a wide planing table. They are designed with simplicity in mind: they primarily comprise a steel table in the middle of which is a rotating planing roller arranged cross-wise. The workpiece is pushed across the table while the rolling planer does its job by removing a consistent layer of wood from the surface.

The blade roller in a surfacing planer can be adjusted as needed, which means that it can be moved down towards the work table to a defined height and then brought back. Creating a wooden workpiece with a specific thickness requires use of this setting.

Thicknessing planers


Thicknessing machines are the next step in the development of surfacing planers. If the workpiece has already been sufficiently smoothed and parallelised on the surfacing planer, it can be machined to the tenth of a millimetre on the thicknesser.

Thicknessing planers feature a base frame which contains the work table and integrated thicknessing blade. The thicknessing machine enables adjustments to be made to the whole work table instead of just the rolling planer. The frame and planing table together are used to determine the thickness of the entire workpiece.

Combination planers


Combination planers, or combined surfacing/thicknessing planers, can work on all sides of a workpiece using parallelisation and smoothing techniques to remove outer layers until the workpiece has reached the desired thickness. Combination devices are very popular as they are space-saving and work very efficiently.

Chamfering planers


Chamfering is comparable to ‘vertical planing’. Instead of a horizontal planing roller, chamfering machines use a vertical cutting roller. However, it is not freely movable as in a table mill. The chamfering machine uses a continuous stop onto which the workpiece can be securely attached.

The advantage of a chamfering machine is that the cutting roller is interchangeable, which makes it possible to create radial or layered chamfers within the workpiece edge.

Tenoners


The best way of joining heavy wooden beams is to use a mortise and tenon joint. These are precisely manufactured joints used in pre-prepared blind- and through holes. The machines used to create tenon joints are called tenoners and they primarily consist of a chamfering planer and a small circular saw. The cross-sections of tenon joints are relatively small, which means that tenoners are equally compact devices.

Window-making machines


A window-making machine is a special form of chamfering machine and planer which works on profiled wood. It smooths, polishes, cuts, mills and places grooves in this wood and then mitre cuts it to the desired length. Window-making machines require a range of processing stations to achieve these tasks, but once equipped, slats of wood can be machined on all sides in just one work cycle.

The machines are intended for large series and can thus maintain consistent precision across many workpieces. Once processed on a window-making machine, the window is mounted to the bracket device and firmly attached together in the frame press.

What to be aware of when buying planers?

There is hardly a more robust and rigid machine in the field of woodworking than the wood planer. Its simple design and heavy-duty construction means that even very old machines of this type can still be put to good use.

The major weak-point is the motor, which requires occasional overhauling and parts replacement. Height guidance can also wear out over time, as can the planing roller bearings, but replacements are usually easy to source. Apart from these aspects, second-hand planing machines are a safe bet, especially if the buyer is prepared to disassemble, clean and overhaul them.

Finding suitable planers for sale from the second-hand market is thus an easy task for carpenters, joineries and interior furnishers/decorators. Those looking for a planer for sale will find a wide selection of technically simple machines that are affordable – even those bearing badges from major brands.

Of course, when it comes to the more complex variants, such as electric planers for sale, maintenance work becomes more demanding: a window-making machine capable of multi-side machining in a single work cycle will require more maintenance than a hand-held planer. Nevertheless, used window machines from brand-name manufacturers have traditionally been made to exacting standards and the high quality of these machines is still apparent many years down the line.

Manufacturers of planers and window-making machines

Popular manufacturers of planers and window-making machines include:


Planing machines as well as window construction technology from these manufacturers can always be recommended in the used state. The machines convince by high-quality materials and components which allow a long running time. In addition, most of them also come with an extensive after-sale service, so there will always be available a contact with your used planer if the machine should fail or needs to be technically upgraded.

High-quality used planing & windowing machines from these and other manufacturers are often found in our numerous industrial auctions. However, the product offer is very dynamic, so it is worth looking also at our used machinery marketplace to avoid missing an interesting offer.

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