- "Diesel Forklift" in industrial operations
- History and development of the diesel forklift
- Applications and examples of diesel forklifts
- Brand names and producers of diesel forklifts
are operated in practically all branches of industry in which loads on pallets must be moved, for example, the loading and un-loading in a factory hall or warehouse. Diesel forklifts consist of a frame on three or four wheels. They commonly have a rear steering mechanism to enable a tight turning radius. Normally the turning radius corresponds to the length of the vehicle. Four-wheeled forklifts
are less inclined to tip over, due to their center of gravity.
- In-house transport of loads on pallets
- Main field of application is on external grounds
Personalized To maximize stability, there is no suspension of the wheels or axels. Stabilizers and vibration dampeners are common in four-wheeled forklifts to minimize swaying under heavy loads. Specialized tires for forklifts
take over the function of a suspension system. For comfortable operation, the operator sits in a suspended seat, adjustable according to body weight. The combustion engine of the machine is located in back and serves as an additional counterweight during the lifting of heavy loads. Diesel forklifts
are generally driven by a machine operator, using foot pedals and hand levers. A steering wheel controls the driving direction. A lifting framework with a fork or another type of load bearing platform is hydraulically operated. Various types of extension equipment can be attached to the hydraulic lifter.
LINDE Diesel forklift in use Certain models of diesel forklifts are steered with a joystick. Modern diesel forklifts are outfitted with additional touch screen steering, displaying various parameters and enabling further functions. There are outdoor forklifts
, side loaders, reach trucks, and four or multi-way forklifts
that can move in all directions, including diagonally.
The first diesel forklift
was developed in 1917 and was used for the transportation of pallets. The basic principles were the same as those of today's forklifts. With the development of specially automated warehousing systems came the stacking guide-system, employing primarily electrically operated models. Diesel forklifts
are now used primarily for very heavy or high-volume loads. Lifting loads are around 1-8 tons, lifted mostly to heights of around 6 meters. Special models have lifting heights of up to 12 meters. Diesel forklifts
are mainly employed outside of buildings. Electric forklifts
are generally used indoors because of special regulations. The diesel forklift serves for in-company transport, for use at harbors for the loading and unloading of tractor trailers or train cars.
Several companies have specialised in the manufacturing of diesel forklifts
. Some of the most recommended suppliers include LINDE MATERIAL HANDLING, JUNGHEINRICH
, YALE, HYSTER, CAT, HELI, KOMATSU, SHANTUI, CLARK, TCM, AUSA, HC and PAUS.