Cylindrical grinders are divided into two types: internal cylindrical grinding machines and external cylindrical grinders. The two types can also be combined to form a universal cylindrical grinding machine or CNC universal cylindrical grinding machine. Cylindrical grinders are used to manufacture cylindrical-shaped workpieces in industrial settings. With external grinders, the workpiece is clamped between tips and propelled by a flanged sleeve. The tips are located in the seats of the headstock and tailstock. For pins and fully cylindrical parts, centreless grinding is also possible. This involves laying the workpiece onto a support or guidance rail, which is only a few tenths of a millimetre away from the grinding disc.
- Divided into internal and external cylindrical grinders
- Can be combined to form a universal grinding machine
- Finishing of cylindrical workpieces
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The grinding disc presses the workpiece onto the support through its rotary movement and simultaneously rotates the workpiece. If bore holes or other cylindrical interior surfaces are being finished, the internal grinding machine comes into play. These devices possess a swivelling grinding head and cylindrical abrasive bodies. These abrasive elements are smaller than the hole being finished and are powered at high speed.