Spark erosion, also known as spark machining or electrical discharge machining (EDM), is a manufacturing method during which a preferred shape is achieved through the use of electrical discharges, i.e. sparks. In other words, it is a metalworking process where an electrical discharge is produced between two conductors, while a dielectric fluid is used to insulate the workpiece from the electrode. An electric discharge machine, or a spark erosion machine, is used for the removal of electrically conductive materials on a workpiece through evaporation or chipping. In order to make this possible, EDM machines can only process workpieces that are made out of some very strong electrical conductor, such as tungsten, copper, graphite, etc. and as such can serve as electrodes.
- Removal of the conductive material of a workpiece
- Processes include evaporation or chipping
- Precise contours can be achieved in the shape and dimensions of the workpiece
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