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Metal Presses

Strong press machines for metalworking 84 Items
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MEGA KPD-50E Workshop Other Press
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 800 x 500 x 1,700 mm
Year of manufacture 2010
Weight approx. 200 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Amieira, Marinha Grande, loaded on truck
Security deposit Credit card required
Amieira, Marinha Grande Portugal, 2430-012 Amieira, Marinha Grande
02/12/2021 12:11
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1,500 €
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,200 x 800 x 800 mm
Year of manufacture 1996
Weight approx. 100 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms EXW São Francisco - Alcochete, ex foundation, unpackaged
Security deposit Credit card required
São Francisco - Alcochete Portugal, 2890-303 São Francisco - Alcochete
02/12/2021 11:53
0 Bids
200 €
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BOTTI & CO AITOR 30ton /PM030 Mechanical Eccentric Press
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 900 x 1,200 x 2,000 mm
Year of manufacture unknown
Weight approx. 1,400 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Trofa, loaded on truck
Security deposit Credit card required
Trofa Portugal, 4786-909 Trofa
02/12/2021 11:38
2 Bids
60 €
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 3,100 x 2,920 x 6,050 mm
Year of manufacture 2013
Weight approx. 39,000 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms EXW Enkenbach, ex foundation, unpackaged
Enkenbach Germany, 67677 Enkenbach
15/12/2021 10:02
0 Bids
75,000 €
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BENNI BLANCH PH2A-500 Hydraulic Press Hydraulic Presses
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 5,000 x 3,000 x 5,750 mm
Year of manufacture unknown
Weight approx. 28,000 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Sestao, loaded on truck
Security deposit Credit card required
Sestao Spain, 48910 Sestao
30/11/2021 12:25
0 Bids
21,000 €
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ENGEL Back Press System Other Presses
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Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. unknown
Year of manufacture 2003
Weight approx. 70,000 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Massen, loaded on truck
Massen Germany, 03238 Massen
01/12/2021 10:26
0 Bids
14,000 €
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FLUIDMEX T.2 ST Press For Hydraulic Pipes
Ends tomorrow!
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,000 x 1,000 x 1,400 mm
Year of manufacture 2020
Weight approx. 310 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato, loaded on truck
Security deposit Credit card required
Zona Industriale di Calcinato Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato
29/11/2021 11:26
0 Bids
2,470 €
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UWM 50TE Press brake/Workshop press Hydraulic Presses
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,500 x 650 x 1,950 mm
Year of manufacture unknown
Weight approx. 980 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Enschede, loaded on truck
Enschede Netherlands, 7547 TA Enschede
01/12/2021 14:03
1 Bid
1,500 €
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 2,200 x 1,200 x 1,800 mm
Year of manufacture unknown
Weight approx. 4,000 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Herborn, loaded on truck
Herborn Germany, 55758 Herborn
11/01/2022 10:39
0 Bids
990 €
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,300 x 1,270 x 1,250 mm
Year of manufacture unknown
Weight approx. 500 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Freiberg am Neckar, loaded on truck
Freiberg am Neckar Germany, 71691 Freiberg am Neckar
04/01/2022 14:09
9 Bids
1,640 €
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GRÄBENER GK 180/2472 Toggle Press Presses
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 2,400 x 1,300 x 2,100 mm
Year of manufacture unknown
Weight approx. 3,000 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Herborn, loaded on truck
Herborn Germany, 55758 Herborn
11/01/2022 10:09
0 Bids
500 €
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HEILBRONN EPV 25 Eccentric Press Eccentric Presses
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Top lot
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,300 x 1,300 x 1,850 mm
Year of manufacture unknown
Weight approx. 2,000 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Freiberg am Neckar, loaded on truck
Freiberg am Neckar Germany, 71691 Freiberg am Neckar
04/01/2022 14:00
6 Bids
400 €
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GECHTER 70 KNFED Pneumatic Press Presses
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Top lot
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 700 x 700 x 1,500 mm
Year of manufacture 1987
Weight approx. 250 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Herborn, loaded on truck
Herborn Germany, 55758 Herborn
11/01/2022 10:46
0 Bids
200 €
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PAUL MÜLLER EXP 15 Eccentric Press Eccentric Presses
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Top lot
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,100 x 800 x 1,700 mm
Year of manufacture 1970
Weight approx. 600 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Herborn, loaded on truck
Herborn Germany, 55758 Herborn
11/01/2022 10:32
1 Bid
150 €
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LOIRE NAVAL Hydraulic Press Hydraulic Presses
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 6,000 x 2,700 x 7,000 mm
Year of manufacture unknown
Weight approx. 28,000 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Sestao, loaded on truck
Security deposit Credit card required
Sestao Spain, 48910 Sestao
30/11/2021 12:00
0 Bids
18,750 €
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HUGH SMITH Hydraulic Press Hydraulic Presses
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 4,750 x 3,500 x 2,750 mm
Year of manufacture unknown
Weight approx. 25,000 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Sestao, loaded on truck
Security deposit Credit card required
Sestao Spain, 48910 Sestao
30/11/2021 11:55
0 Bids
11,250 €
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DUNKES HR 25 Hydraulic Press Hydraulic Presses
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,300 x 1,200 x 2,400 mm
Year of manufacture 2013
Weight approx. 2,200 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Witten, loaded on truck
Witten Germany, 58455 Witten
08/12/2021 13:05
0 Bids
7,000 €
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,800 x 1,400 x 2,800 mm
Year of manufacture 1986
Weight approx. 2,500 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Vettelschoß, loaded on truck
Vettelschoß Germany, 53560 Vettelschoß
15/12/2021 10:03
0 Bids
5,500 €
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SWA Hydraulic Punching-Press Hydraulic Presses
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 2,640 x 1,800 x 3,800 mm
Year of manufacture 2006
Weight approx. 3,800 kg
Item available from immediatley
Delivery terms FCA Massen, free on truck
Massen Germany, 03238 Massen
01/12/2021 10:23
0 Bids
4,900 €
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BRUDERER BSTA 30 High-Speed Press with Straightening Rollers and Feeding Device
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 3,100 x 1,200 x 2,290 mm
Year of manufacture 1978
Weight approx. 3,000 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Toruń, loaded on truck
Toruń Poland, 87-100 Toruń
07/12/2021 10:12
1 Bid
4,500 €
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DUNKES HR 16 Hydraulic Press Hydraulic Presses
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,300 x 1,200 x 2,400 mm
Year of manufacture 2003
Weight approx. 1,800 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Witten, loaded on truck
Witten Germany, 58455 Witten
08/12/2021 13:12
0 Bids
4,000 €
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DUNKES HR 16 Hydraulic Press Hydraulic Presses
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,300 x 1,200 x 2,400 mm
Year of manufacture 1999
Weight approx. 1,800 kg
Item available from sofort
Delivery terms FCA Witten, loaded on truck
Witten Germany, 58455 Witten
08/12/2021 13:06
0 Bids
3,000 €
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 10,550 x 2,700 x 3,300 mm
Year of manufacture unknown
Weight approx. 12,000 kg
Item available from 20/12/2021
Delivery terms FCA Bergamo, loaded on truck
Bergamo Italy, 24127 Bergamo
15/12/2021 10:21
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3,000 €
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HELMERDING ERH65A Eccentric Press Eccentric Presses
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 2,100 x 1,600 x 2,500 mm
Year of manufacture 1985
Weight approx. 5,000 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Kępno, free on truck
Kępno Poland, 63-600 Kępno
08/12/2021 11:14
0 Bids
2,500 €
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FLUIDMEX T.2 ST Press For Hydraulic Pipes
FLUIDMEX T.2 ST Press For Hydraulic Pipes Presses
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,000 x 1,000 x 1,400 mm
Year of manufacture 2020
Weight approx. 310 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato, loaded on truck
Security deposit Credit card required
Zona Industriale di Calcinato Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato
06/12/2021 10:42
0 Bids
2,470 €
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FLUIDMEX T.2 ST Press For Hydraulic Pipes
FLUIDMEX T.2 ST Press For Hydraulic Pipes Presses
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,000 x 1,000 x 1,400 mm
Year of manufacture 2020
Weight approx. 310 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato, loaded on truck
Security deposit Credit card required
Zona Industriale di Calcinato Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato
06/12/2021 09:28
0 Bids
2,470 €
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,000 x 1,000 x 1,400 mm
Year of manufacture 2020
Weight approx. 310 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato, loaded on truck
Security deposit Credit card required
Zona Industriale di Calcinato Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato
06/12/2021 09:27
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2,470 €
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FLUIDMEX T.2 ST Press For Hydraulic Pipes
FLUIDMEX T.2 ST Press For Hydraulic Pipes Presses
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,000 x 1,000 x 1,400 mm
Year of manufacture unknown
Weight approx. 310 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato, loaded on truck
Security deposit Credit card required
Zona Industriale di Calcinato Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato
03/12/2021 14:56
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2,470 €
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FLUIDMEX T.2 ST Press For Hydraulic Pipes
FLUIDMEX T.2 ST Press For Hydraulic Pipes Presses
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,000 x 1,000 x 1,400 mm
Year of manufacture 2020
Weight approx. 310 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato, loaded on truck
Security deposit Credit card required
Zona Industriale di Calcinato Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato
03/12/2021 12:30
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2,470 €
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,000 x 1,000 x 1,400 mm
Year of manufacture 2020
Weight approx. 310 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato, loaded on truck
Security deposit Credit card required
Zona Industriale di Calcinato Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato
03/12/2021 09:20
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2,470 €
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FLUIDMEX T.2 ST Press For Hydraulic Pipes
Ends tomorrow!
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,000 x 1,000 x 1,400 mm
Year of manufacture 2020
Weight approx. 310 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato, loaded on truck
Security deposit Credit card required
Zona Industriale di Calcinato Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato
29/11/2021 11:25
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2,470 €
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,000 x 1,000 x 1,400 mm
Year of manufacture 2020
Weight approx. 310 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato, loaded on truck
Security deposit Credit card required
Zona Industriale di Calcinato Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato
17/12/2021 12:07
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2,470 €
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,000 x 1,000 x 1,400 mm
Year of manufacture 2020
Weight approx. 310 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato, loaded on truck
Security deposit Credit card required
Zona Industriale di Calcinato Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato
17/12/2021 09:18
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2,470 €
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HIROS 50T Gantry Press
HIROS 50T Gantry Press Presses
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,500 x 500 x 2,000 mm
Year of manufacture unknown
Weight approx. 500 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato, loaded on truck
Security deposit Credit card required
Zona Industriale di Calcinato Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato
06/12/2021 10:19
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2,370 €
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HIROS 50T Gantry Press
HIROS 50T Gantry Press Presses
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,500 x 500 x 2,000 mm
Year of manufacture unknown
Weight approx. 500 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato, loaded on truck
Security deposit Credit card required
Zona Industriale di Calcinato Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato
06/12/2021 09:39
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2,370 €
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HIROS 50T Gantry Press Presses
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,500 x 500 x 2,000 mm
Year of manufacture unknown
Weight approx. 500 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato, loaded on truck
Security deposit Credit card required
Zona Industriale di Calcinato Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato
03/12/2021 10:02
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2,370 €
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HIROS 50T Gantry Press Presses
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,500 x 500 x 2,000 mm
Year of manufacture unknown
Weight approx. 500 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato, loaded on truck
Security deposit Credit card required
Zona Industriale di Calcinato Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato
03/12/2021 09:16
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2,370 €
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HIROS 50T Gantry Press
Ends tomorrow!
HIROS 50T Gantry Press Presses
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,500 x 500 x 2,000 mm
Year of manufacture unknown
Weight approx. 500 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato, loaded on truck
Security deposit Credit card required
Zona Industriale di Calcinato Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato
29/11/2021 10:36
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2,370 €
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HIROS 50T Gantry Press
Ends tomorrow!
HIROS 50T Gantry Press Presses
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,500 x 500 x 2,000 mm
Year of manufacture unknown
Weight approx. 500 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato, loaded on truck
Security deposit Credit card required
Zona Industriale di Calcinato Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato
29/11/2021 09:56
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2,370 €
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,500 x 500 x 2,000 mm
Year of manufacture unknown
Weight approx. 500 kg
Item available from Immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato, loaded on truck
Security deposit Credit card required
Zona Industriale di Calcinato Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato
17/12/2021 09:50
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2,370 €
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,600 x 1,300 x 1,900 mm
Year of manufacture 2017
Weight approx. 450 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Taksony, free on truck
Taksony Hungary, 2335 Taksony
08/12/2021 11:29
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1,900 €
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,945 x 1,245 x 2,880 mm
Year of manufacture 1979
Weight approx. 6,500 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Schwäbisch Gmünd, free on truck
Schwäbisch Gmünd Germany, 73529 Schwäbisch Gmünd
15/12/2021 10:21
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1,500 €
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SCHULER PE 25/250 Eccentric Press
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SCHULER PE 25/250 Eccentric Press Eccentric Presses
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,600 x 1,000 x 2,000 mm
Year of manufacture 1950
Weight approx. 1,800 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Rottenburg-Ergenzingen, loaded on truck
Rottenburg-Ergenzingen Germany, 72108 Rottenburg-Ergenzingen
08/12/2021 11:47
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1,500 €
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GALDABINI RPR/50 Hydraulic Press 50t Hydraulic Presses
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,000 x 800 x 2,000 mm
Year of manufacture 1966
Weight approx. 3.000 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Oradea, loaded on truck
Oradea Romania, 410605 Oradea
08/12/2021 09:17
1 Bid
1,200 €
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 3,300 x 1,000 x 2,500 mm
Year of manufacture unknown
Weight approx. 9,000 kg
Item available from 20/12/2021
Delivery terms FCA Bergamo, loaded on truck
Bergamo Italy, 24127 Bergamo
15/12/2021 10:19
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1,200 €
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OFF MECC OLEODINAMICHE 60/2050 Press + Cantilever Rack with Content
OFF MECC OLEODINAMICHE 60/2050 Press + Cantilever Rack with Content Presses
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 5,000 x 1,900 x 2,800 mm
Year of manufacture unknown
Weight approx. 6,500 kg
Item available from Immediately
Delivery terms FCA Garbagnate Milanese, loaded on truck
Garbagnate Milanese Italy, 20024 Garbagnate Milanese
22/12/2021 10:00
1 Bid
1,000 €
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 2,800 x 1,200 x 2,500 mm
Year of manufacture 2005
Weight approx. 2,800 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Reiden, loaded on truck
Reiden Switzerland, 6260 Reiden
08/12/2021 13:26
0 Bids
900 €
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PAI 63 Mechanical eccentric press
PAI 63 Mechanical eccentric press Presses
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,000 x 1,400 x 2,400 mm
Year of manufacture unknown
Weight approx. 3,000 kg
Item available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Brasov, loaded on truck
Brasov Romania, 500407 Brasov
07/12/2021 10:42
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850 €
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Definition: Presses

Many mechanical and hydraulic presses are available for the cold forming of metal, but also for joining, prototyping and cutting (press brakes, trimming presses, etc.). Hydraulic presses, e.g. deep-drawing, straightening and die spotting presses work with an enormous pressing force, but a slow stroke. Serial production is therefore dominated by mechanical presses with short cycle times, e.g. eccentric presses, spindle presses and toggle presses. Drive power, ram speed and daylight may vary. At Surplex you can find used presses - whether hydraulic or mechanical. You can even find hydraulic presses with a recent year of manufacture from DIEFFENBACHER, DUNKES and more.

Pressing machines in metalworking

Index

  1. Presses - The standard tool for cold-forming
    1. Bending versus deep-drawing
  2. Press machine development
  3. Press categories
    1. Hydraulic presses
    2. Mechanical presses
    3. Special types of press
  4. What should I be aware of when buying a press?

Presses - The standard tool for cold-forming

Cold-forming is the process by which metal products are formed at high speed and pressure into a new shape at near room temperatures. The process is very widespread both in one-off and serial production. The standard tool for reforming metal items is the press machine, with each industrial sector favouring its own metal press type. The most technically simple presses are known as bending machines and the most powerful: deep-drawing presses.

Bending versus deep-drawing


Bending and deep-drawing are two of many processes used in the bending/formation of metal. It involves changing the size/shape of a workpiece without altering its mass, i.e. through the removal/addition of material. If a workpiece is reformed along an axis, the process is called ‘bending’, whereas if the workpiece has been fully reshaped, deep-drawing is the process of choice. Relatively simple, tool-less machines are adequate for bending, but deep-drawing processes require far more powerful machines (depending on the extent of reshaping).

Press machine development

The first presses to be produced were lever- and spindle presses, used to squeeze grapes for wine and manufacture bricks. These presses were original purely mechanical but have since developed into complex, high-performance machines operating using electrical motors, spindles, toggle levers, or eccentrics. Hydraulically-operated presses are a particularly powerful type of press.

Press categories

On a basic level, presses can be categorised as either mechanical or hydraulic press machines. The difference does not have to do with the power they can produce, but rather their working speed.

Hydraulic presses


Hydraulic presses feature a considerably lower stroke than electromechanical presses, which enables them to generate greater forces. The hydraulic press is the most popular for one-off production series, but in serial production, both variants come into play.

Hydraulische Pressen werden ansonsten für sehr dicke und widerstandsfähige Werkstoffe verwendet.

Hydraulic presses are also used for very thick, resilient materials, as well as in the field of recycling: the famous car crusher is a type of press and is generally powered by hydraulic pressure. Pneumatic presses work in a similar way to the hydraulic variant but use compressed air instead of liquid for power. Well-known manufacturers of hydraulic presses are DUNKES, EXNER, HIDRALMAC, KNUTH and SCHULER.

Hydraulic-type presses include:

Trimming presses

Trimming presses are used in mould foundries and forges to prepare moulds for finishing on a CNC milling machine. Some of the machines are also capable of other applications beyond trimming, including blanking, piercing, embossing and forming, but the name ‘trimming press’ has become established.

Well-known manufacturers of trimming presses include DIEFENBACHER, DENNY or NICC.

Mechanical presses


The most widely used presses in serial production are mechanical/electromechanical presses, which provide sufficient pressing force for the majority of applications. Electromechanical presses can switch between serial- and single stroke mode for added versatility. This does reduce the pace somewhat, but the press stroke is doubled, which lets operators process a wide range of challenging workpieces.

Mechanical presses are designed as either single-frame presses or double-frame presses. Single-frame version, or ‘C-presses’, are especially easy to load with tools and material, but they do not offer the same durability and precision as double-frame, or ‘U-presses’.

Eccentric presses

This type of press works using a rotating eccentric shaft and can achieve particularly short cycle rates and high levels of productivity.

Well-known manufacturers of eccentric presses include BERRENBERG, EBU, GALLI IMS and ZANI.

Toggle lever presses

These machines are powered by mechanics controlled by a toggle lever and were once the machine of choice before the eccentric press arrived on the market.

Well-known manufacturers of toggle presses include GECHTER, GRÄBNER and MAYPRESS.

Spindle presses

This type of press operates fairly slowly but the spindle mechanics within are capable of producing high pressing forces. Compared against other mechanical presses, spindle presses generate the highest force. Hand-operated spindle presses are also a popular choice thanks to their simple, manual controls. It just takes a small amount of elbow grease to create sufficiently high pressing forces. Simple deep-drawing or embossing work can also be performed but the operator cannot rely on any electrical motors or hydraulic support.

The best-known manufacturers of spindle presses are LASCO, NIEFERN, PAGUS, REISMANN and SPM.

Special types of press


Arbor presses

Arbor presses are small, hand-operated machines used to place/press-in rivets and bolts. They are frequently manual, or manual-hydraulic, and used for assembling and dismantling riveted or bolted constructions.

Producers of arbor presses include AGEO, DDP, OPTIMUM and SPENGER.

Deep-drawing presses

Deep-drawing presses are used on solid materials and metallic blanks. They work at such high pressure that the metal, mostly aluminium, liquefies in a cool state during the pressing process. A typical application for these presses is the manufacture of aluminium tubes. To achieve the desired rate of productivity in serial deep-drawing, multiple-punch deep-drawing presses are a frequent choice. Although they feature a very slow stroke per punch, the combination of several processing stations results in a similar level of output as would be achieved by an electromechanical eccentric press.

Die spotting presses

Die spotting presses are hydraulic presses which are equipped with a tool or ‘die’. They can test the pressing tools under ideal conditions and notify the operator whether they are working at the desired precision.

Popular manufacturers of die spotting presses include AMINO, DIEFFENBACHER, HIDRALMAC and REIS.

Straightening presses

Straightening presses are tool-less machines that are mostly hydraulic-manual. They are used for precisely aligning welded constructions and can often be found in repair shops and steel welding workshops. These metal press machines are used on small metal components to straighten them out for inclusion into a larger, overall product.

Those looking for a straightening press for sale are advised to look at the machines produced by AGEO, DUNKES, EITEL, GALBADI and HOLZMANN, which count amongst the best.

Straighteners/decoilers

Tube-bending machines and profile bending machines are useful tools for bending long materials at the desired angle.

Straighteners/decoilers perform the same task but on belt material. They are used for reshaping thick sheets without creating any kinks. When it comes to edges, the appropriately named edge press, or folding press, is the ideal choice. While characterised as presses, a better term for straighteners/decoilers would be ‘roll bending machines’.

The best-known manufacturers of this type of machine are DURMA, FOMP, HAEUSLER and SCHÄFER.

What should I be aware of when buying a press?

Technical specifications

When buying a second-hand press, you must be absolutely certain about what you need the press for and thus which type is most ideal for your purposes. Presses feature a range of typical technical specifications, which are:

  • Cycle rates
  • Pressing force
  • Workpiece size
  • Pressing depth
  • Energy consumption
  • Operating hours

Serial- or one-off production?

Hydraulic presses are the most rigid, but they work very slowly – one stroke can take as long as a minute, which precludes their use in most serial production. C-presses with eccentric-type mechanisms, by contrast, feature cycle rates of a second and can be equipped with tools/workpieces from three sides.

Second-hand purchase information

Single-frame C-presses feature a very robust design, however the base frame is still prone to losing its shape after many years of continually heavy loads. If the upper- and lower part of the tool no longer align exactly, the press is no longer fit for purpose and is only useful as a source of spare parts.

On the other hand, many of the other press components are relatively easy to repair: leaking hydraulic lines, damage to electronics, or knocked-out levers and bearings are not pretty, but can be brought back into order. As long as the press achieves the desired performance, minor damage is nothing more than a handy bargaining chip and should not dissuade a prospective buyer.

In the case of used, hydraulic, tool-less presses, however, a sample workpiece should be processed in the machine to provide information on its precision and functionality. These types of machine are high-performers but are no longer used to the same extent as serial presses. This is why even very old hydraulic presses are still a contender for modern-day use. Even critical components – i.e. hydraulic cylinders – are easy to source on the spare parts markets and install. As long as the base frame is not bent out of shape, a used hydraulic press for sale is always worth considering and overhauling.

New versus used machines

Presses are standard tools in industry – be they industrial presses for serial production and pressing metal, or straightening machines for in repair shops. They are very widespread which makes the trade in used presses a true buyer’s market. When new, presses are generally very expensive. This also keeps prices for used machines high, despite the wide selection on offer. In technical terms, it will take a long time for presses to become obsolete, which means their future resale potential is ensured.

Alternatives

If you are having difficulty find the right press for your needs, electromechanical punching machines are very similar to presses when it comes to serial production. They also provide more than four times as much pressing force and used punch ‘presses’ can generally still be used as a press with excellent results. Another advantage is that these punch devices use a much lower operating pressure, which makes them very long-lasting.

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