Surface grinding is a process by which a machine tool cuts off tiny chips from materials to produce a smooth surface. The machinery works using grinding wheels covered in abrasive particles of various sizes.
- Tool machine for chipping away at surface layers and creating a smooth finish
- Features a variety of grinding wheels covered in abrasive particles
- Used in tool manufacture and processing hardened materials
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Surface grinders can achieve very high levels of precision within a range of 1/1000 millimetre, which is a significant factor in its popularity in the tool manufacturing industry. Another field for which surface grinding machines can be used is in the finishing of hardened materials. A surface grinder consists of a machine body that supports all the components, except for the coolant applicator. The grinding head is at the rear of the surface grinder and is attached to a stand that allows adjustments to be made. The movable machine table is located to the front and features clamping slots. The machine table can be moved horizontally along two axes. The grinding wheel is fed-in vertically by moving the grinding head with a hand crank ‒ automatic feeding is available in some models. The machine table is also operated via a hand crank, or automatically in the case of a CNC surface grinding machine.
ELB Surface grinder in operation
Using a surface grinder
The device performs a movement parallel to the operator on top of high-precision guidance tracks. A magnetic chuck operated electronically or by hand holds the workpiece in place. A parallel vice and special clamping units also feature in the grinding process. If properly dressed, the grinding wheels can also be used to create profiles and certain angles can be achieved by tilting the clamping unit.