A tenoning machine is used in the production of mortises and tenons for wooden joints. Tenoners utilize saw blades or cutter heads to create specific projections (called tenons) on wooden workpieces. Each of the tenons can be put into an appropriate cavity (called mortise) on another wooden workpiece to create a mortise and tenon joint. There is a variety of different mortise and tenon forms that can be produced with a tenoner. For example, the wedged half-dovetail mortise is called so due to its resemblance to a dove tail. A typical tenoner contains a horizontal mill with a cast iron work support, in the middle of which the milling spindle is located. Often, tenon machines are used with a router and contain router spindles.
- Production of mortise and tenons for timber joints
- Often combined with the circular saw
- Mainly used for in window manufacturing
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Router spindles of different speed enable the use of various precision tools in order to achieve the desired shape of the workpiece. Although the rotation speed can reach up to 10,000 rotations per minute, such high speeds are rarely used. Depending on the production needs, a tenon machine can be designed for either flexible or high-volume production. When used in mass-production, tenoners produce a large number of tenons in batches and often contain automatic tool-changers and in-feed and out-feed systems used to shorten the setup and production time. In addition, a tenoner is often combined with a circular saw to trim the corners of the workpiece. SCM
Tenon machine in operation