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Universal Milling Machines

Essential! The flexible all-rounder amongst milling machines 25 Machines
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MAHO MH 400 P Universal Milling Machine
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,400 x 1,300 x 1,800 mm
Weight approx. 900 kg
Machine available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Cacak, free on truck
Cacak Serbia, 32000 Cacak
10/12/2020 11:13
0 Bids
2,000€
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DECKEL FP 4 MK Universal Milling Machine
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DECKEL FP 4 MK Universal Milling Machine Universal Milling Machines
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 2,000 x 1,400 x 1,950 mm
Weight approx. 1,700 kg
Machine available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Wendlingen am Neckar, loaded on truck
Wendlingen am … Germany, 73240 Wendlingen am Neckar
26/01/2021 10:48
7 Bids
7,000€
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MACMON M100 Universal Milling Machine Universal Milling Machines
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,200 x 800 x 1,500 mm
Year of manufacture 1972
Weight approx. 1,000 kg
Machine available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Falkenberg, loaded on truck
Falkenberg Germany, 04895 Falkenberg
30/11/2020 13:26
1 Bid
1,600€
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DECKEL FP 4 NC Universal Milling Machine Universal Milling Machines
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 3,150 x 2,150 x 1,930 mm
Weight approx. 3,000 kg
Machine available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Wendlingen am Neckar, loaded on truck
Wendlingen am … Germany, 73240 Wendlingen am Neckar
26/01/2021 10:18
5 Bids
1,249€
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ZX7550CW Universal Milling Machine
ZX7550CW Universal Milling Machine Universal Milling Machines
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,200 x 1,400 x 2,500 mm
Weight approx. 1,200 kg
Machine available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato, loaded on truck
Zona Industria… Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato
11/12/2020 10:53
0 Bids
3,670€
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ZX7550CW Universal Milling Machine
ZX7550CW Universal Milling Machine Universal Milling Machines
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,200 x 1,400 x 2,500 mm
Weight approx. 1,200 kg
Machine available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato, loaded on truck
Zona Industria… Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato
11/12/2020 09:18
0 Bids
3,670€
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ZX7550CW Universal Milling Machine
ZX7550CW Universal Milling Machine Universal Milling Machines
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,200 x 1,400 x 2,500 mm
Weight approx. 1,200 kg
Machine available from Immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato (BS), loaded on truck
Zona Industria… Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato (BS)
07/12/2020 09:14
0 Bids
3,670€
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ZX7550CW Universal Milling Machine
ZX7550CW Universal Milling Machine Universal Milling Machines
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,200 x 1,400 x 2,500 mm
Weight approx. 1,200 kg
Machine available from Immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato (BS), loaded on truck
Zona Industria… Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato (BS)
07/12/2020 10:37
0 Bids
3,670€
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ZX7550CW Universal Milling Machine
ZX7550CW Universal Milling Machine Universal Milling Machines
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,200 x 1,400 x 2,500 mm
Weight approx. 1,200 kg
Machine available from Immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato (BS), loaded on truck
Zona Industria… Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato (BS)
07/12/2020 13:40
0 Bids
3,670€
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ZX7550CW Universal Milling Machine
ZX7550CW Universal Milling Machine Universal Milling Machines
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,200 x 1,400 x 2,500 mm
Weight approx. 1,200 kg
Machine available from Immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato (BS), loaded on truck
Zona Industria… Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato (BS)
01/12/2020 10:10
0 Bids
3,670€
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ZX7550CW Universal Milling Machine
ZX7550CW Universal Milling Machine Universal Milling Machines
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,200 x 1,400 x 2,500 mm
Weight approx. 1,200 kg
Machine available from Immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato (BS), loaded on truck
Zona Industria… Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato (BS)
01/12/2020 12:43
0 Bids
3,670€
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ZX7550CW Universal Milling Machine
ZX7550CW Universal Milling Machine Universal Milling Machines
Tip
Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,200 x 1,400 x 2,500 mm
Weight approx. 1,200 kg
Machine available from Immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato (BS), loaded on truck
Zona Industria… Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato (BS)
01/12/2020 11:00
0 Bids
3,670€
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MAHO MH 800 Universal Milling Machine Universal Milling Machines
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Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 2,200 x 1,800 x 2,000 mm
Year of manufacture 1970
Weight approx. 3,500 kg
Machine available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Laupheim, loaded on truck
Laupheim Germany, 88471 Laupheim
30/11/2020 10:29
0 Bids
3,000€
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 2,200 x 1,800 x 1,950 mm
Weight approx. 2,750 kg
Machine available from immediately
Delivery terms EXW Ahaus, ex foundation, unpackaged
Ahaus Germany, 48683 Ahaus
09/12/2020 10:27
0 Bids
2,500€
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DECKEL FP1 Universal Milling Machine Universal Milling Machines
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Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,200 x 1,400 x 1,700 mm
Weight approx. 2,500 kg
Machine available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato (BS), loaded on truck
Zona Industria… Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato (BS)
07/12/2020 11:24
0 Bids
2,170€
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 2,700 x 2,100 x 1,900 mm
Weight approx. 2,900 kg
Machine available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Ahaus, loaded on truck
Ahaus Germany, 48683 Ahaus
09/12/2020 10:28
0 Bids
2,000€
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MAHO MH 1000 Universal milling machine Universal Milling Machines
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 2,600 x 2,200 x 1,900 mm
Year of manufacture 1967
Weight approx. 5,900 kg
Machine available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Niederlangen, free on truck
Niederlangen Germany, 49779 Niederlangen
09/12/2020 11:03
0 Bids
2,000€
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STANKOIMPORT 6P12 Universal Milling Machine Universal Milling Machines
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Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 2,300 x 2,200 x 2,500 mm
Year of manufacture 1983
Weight approx. 3,000 kg
Machine available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Mielec, loaded on truck
Mielec Poland, 39-300 Mielec
01/12/2020 09:24
0 Bids
1,913€
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STANKOIMPORT 6T13-1 Universal Milling Machine Universal Milling Machines
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Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 2,100 x 2,600 x 2,650 mm
Year of manufacture 1987
Weight approx. 3,100 kg
Machine available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Mielec, loaded on truck
Mielec Poland, 39-300 Mielec
01/12/2020 09:32
0 Bids
1,530€
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STANKOIMPORT 6P 13B Universal Milling Machine Universal Milling Machines
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Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 2,200 x 2,700 x 2,700 mm
Year of manufacture 1976
Weight approx. 3,200 kg
Machine available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Mielec, loaded on truck
Mielec Poland, 39-300 Mielec
01/12/2020 09:33
0 Bids
1,000€
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MASERATI Universal Milling Machine Universal Milling Machines
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 2,200 x 2,100 x 2,300 mm
Weight approx. 1,500 kg
Machine available from Immediately
Delivery terms FCA San Biagio di Argenta (FE), loaded on truck
San Biagio di … Italy, 44016 San Biagio di Argenta (FE)
27/11/2020 11:21
1 Bid
600€
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SIXIS S-103 Universal Milling Machine Universal Milling Machines
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Tip
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,300 x 1,200 x 1,700 mm
Weight approx. 1,200 kg
Machine available from immediatly at least 16.07.2020
Delivery terms FCA Biel, loaded on truck
Biel Switzerland, 2504 Biel
27/11/2020 13:07
3 Bids
700€
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ZX7550CW Universal Milling Machine
ZX7550CW Universal Milling Machine Universal Milling Machines
Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 1,200 x 1,400 x 2,500 mm
Weight approx. 1,200 kg
Machine available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Zona Industriale di Calcinato, loaded on truck
Zona Industria… Italy, 25011 Zona Industriale di Calcinato
15/12/2020 11:24
0 Bids
3,670€
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 3,700 x 3,500 x 2,950 mm
Year of manufacture 2016
Weight approx. 6,000 kg
Machine available from Immediately
Delivery terms FCA, loaded on truck
Italy /
Request an offer
on request
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Dimensions (l x w x h) approx. 2,700 x 2,300 x 2,400 mm
Year of manufacture 1985
Weight approx. 3,100 kg
Machine available from immediately
Delivery terms FCA Biel/Bienne, loaded on truck
Biel/Bienne Switzerland, 2502 Biel/Bienne
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Definition: Universal Milling Machines

The universal milling machine is one of the most popular machine tools. Its name is quite justified, as it can be used for all milling processes. Developed in 1918 by F. Deckel, this flexible milling machine features a horizontal and vertical milling spindle, a swivel head and an adjustable longitudinal and cross slide. Modern universal milling machines are equipped with a CNC control, such as the TNC from HEIDENHAIN. Traverse paths, spindle taper, spindle speed and tool taper vary depending on the job specifications. Used milling machines from MIKRON, DECKEL MAHO, HERMLE and others can be found at Surplex - even the legendary FP1!

Universal milling machines for metalworking industry

Index

  1. Versatile metalworking with the universal milling machine
  2. Areas of application for universal mills
  3. Universal mill add-ons
  4. What do I need to know before buying a universal milling machine?
  5. Buying a used universal milling machine
  6. Manufacturers of universal mills

Versatile metalworking with the universal milling machine

The universal milling machine is one of the most important types of cutting tool for metalworking alongside the universal lathe. Also known as universal mills, these machines are widely available on the market in countless versions.

The ‘universal’ part of machine’s name means that it is a versatile piece of equipment and can transform metal blocks into every type of product imaginable. Another key aspect of universal milling machines is the way in which they can be easily extended with every type of tool.

Structure of a universal mill

A universal mill comprises:

  • A work table and
  • two working spindles

The milling spindles and the milling table itself perform coordinated movements to create the finished product, which can vary based on the design and manufacturer. Generally, the table moves along an X and Y axis, while the spindles operate on the Z axis. Depending on the level of additional tools/attachments, there can also be two further movements: top-quality universal mills can rotate and pivot the table and move the milling head all around the workpiece.

Universal milling machines are available in manual, cycle-controlled, and CNC versions. Even though long-replaced for one-off production in an industrial context by CNC milling machines, there are still a small number of manufacturers still producing wholly manual universal mills.

Differentiating between various milling machine variants

The design of the universal milling machine is not suitable for every application: when it comes to especially large and heavy components, a moving work table is more a hindrance than a benefit. This is why industry came up with the gantry milling machine. These high-performance devices operate by moving the spindle around the workpiece using a gantry guiding system. Other specialist types of milling machine include the bed-type milling machine and the knee-type milling machine.

Areas of application for universal mills

The universal milling machine is the standard tool of its class and is primarily used in one-off productions, but its computerised controls (CNC) mean that the exact same milling programme can be repeated at the touch of a button. Industry does offer a range of milling machines optimised for true serial production, but those looking to construct prototypes, produce small series, or train staff need look no further than the basic universal mill. Such milling machines are also found in a large number of repair workshops.

Universal mill add-ons

In order to reduce wear on tools and enhance precision, milling machines should always be fitted with cooling lubrication. And to ensure the surrounding area does not become soiled, machine housing or partition walls may prove to be very useful. A universal mill also needs effective lighting and long-term efficiency can be ensured by repeatedly recording work results over the course of time for comparison.

What do I need to know before buying a universal milling machine?

Universal milling machines vary greatly in terms of size, producible tolerances, and processing options. The universal design does mean the ability to equip an extensive selection of tools, but a given product cannot always be produced on every milling table while maintaining consistent quality. When choosing a suitable machine, it is worth clarifying the following questions:

  • What material will usually be processed?
  • How often do series need to be produced?
  • How large are the workpieces to be manufactured?
  • What tolerance ranges need to be met?

The harder, heavier, larger and more precise a completed workpiece, the higher quality the universal milling machine design needs to be. For infrequent milling process on trial prototypes or fittings, simpler machines will be adequate. If serial quality individual pieces need to be created from solid steel that are highly resilient and precise, the quality of the mill needs to match.

Minimum requirements for producing serviceable products would be:

  • Choose a machine made by a renowned manufacturer
  • SK 30 or SK 40 tool holder
  • Minimum spindle speed of 50 rpm in slow mode – this enable thread holes to be cut
  • 3000 rpm for contours
  • At least 250 x 700 mm² of clamping surface

These benchmark characteristics are certainly sufficient for producing satisfactory results from soft metals, such as aluminium, bronze or copper, but even steel can be processed to some extent.

Another aspect to consider prior to purchase is the milling accessories available (box cubes, machine vices, dividing apparatus, additional milling tools, etc.), as well as any peripheral devices on offer. Buyer beware: extra costs may be incurred (depending on requirements) that can exceed the cost of the machine itself.

Buying a used universal milling machine

A close appraisal is a must when buying a second-hand universal milling machine and should involve inspection of the guide mechanisms to ensure they do not experience any play.

Electrical issues, on the other hand, are not as critical, as these can generally be fixed on used, manual universal mills without major effort.

It is much more important that all the tracks can be spun by hand with ease without any noticeable resistance on the hand wheel. If this is not the case, worn-out bearings will probably be the cause.

Scratches and dull paint are unavoidable in older used mills, so if a second-hand device is presented in a shining new coat of paint, the buyer should be very cautious. It may point to a painstaking restoration process, but can equally mean the seller is trying to conceal technical problems.

In an ideal scenario, buyers should perform a test run on a prospective second-hand machine with a sample piece and then measure it using a micrometre screw to ensure the machine is capable of attaining the quality desired.

Hersteller von Universalfräsmaschinen

The best-known producers of universal milling machines are: DECKEL, MAHO, EMCO, GROB, KNUTH, KUNZMANN, MAKINO, RAMBAUDI, IXION, and RECKERMANN and finding a universal milling machine for sale from these producers is generally easy.

A newcomer to the field of universal milling machines is OPTIMUM, which is known for its highly affordable universal mills – even when brand new. Entry prices offered by this company for new machining equipment are as low as 2500 euros – an almost unbelievable figure. However, the production quality on these affordable machines is commensurate with their price tag and they are also prone to high repair bills. Other manufacturers of affordable universal milling machines are EPPLE and HOLZMANN

The machines produced by ELMAG, by contrast, are of a noticeable higher quality. Prices start at 12000 euros but they more capable of meeting high industrial standards in terms of performance and quality.

For true professional quality, buyers need to spend two or three times as much on a top-of-the-line milling machine. As such, buying a second-hand universal milling machine from a brand-name manufacturer is a good economical alternative in the majority of cases.

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