The field of woodworking is home to a range of specialist lathes, which are often very different from metalworking lathes. The wood lathe machine is the most well-known and involves guiding the tool by hand. In industry, turned wood parts are created in large numbers, which means it is necessary to use automated or semi-automatic woodworking lathes. There are distinctions between the types of wood lathe machine used: CNC wood lathes, lathes with cycle control, and copying lathes.
The fully-automated scantling lathe is well suited to producing ball shapes, furniture knobs, toys and other cylindrical rotary components made of wood. When combined with a magazine, the materials are fed in automatically. These types of machine are capable of producing between 180 and 1500 parts per minute and are thus ideally suited to industrial-scale production. The electronic controls are easy to use and an electronic drive enables rapid, exact feed movements.
- Tool is mostly guided by hand
- Automated lathes are used for large volumes
- Higher requirements of small cylindrical parts in woodworking
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The copying lathe, on the other hand, is in fact a milling machine. Hard metal copying machines work at speeds of around 3500 RPM, which makes it possible to produce an outstanding surface quality even on soft woods. An electronic milling spindle brake is commonly equipped. The highly precise spindle bearing and robust, low-vibration machine bed make it possible to achieve high cutting speeds.